Everything you need to know about Dominica begins with the topography. It affects our food, culture, way of life.. and attracts the kind of traveller looking to escape the everyday for the relative seclusion of an authentic off-the-beaten-path experience. From a romantic horseback ride on a black sand beach, to a sunset soak in the healing sulphur springs, to backpack expeditions through dense rainforests and rushing gorges into wild nature along the Caribbean’s longest hiking trail. Underwater, encounter pristine reefs, volcanic fumaroles and plunging depths as rugged as the land above in one of the Caribbean’s most dramatic marine environments. And when you take a break from swimming under waterfalls, indulge in fresh, wholesome foods that restore the body and soul. So come, we’re seeking adventurers.
Dominica – not to be confused with the Dominican Republic- is one of the smaller islands in the Eastern Caribbean, situated between its French neighbor islands Guadeloupe and Martinique. It is roughly 45 km (25 miles) long and 25 km (16 miles) wide, covered with green mountains of which the highest is Morne Diablotin at 1,447 m (4,747 ft) in elevation.
The name “Dominica” is pronounced with emphasis on the third syllable (Dominíca). It is an independent republic with its own president, and the language is English. The population is between 55,000 and 70,000 (no recent official census). It’s capital is Roseau with circa 15,000 inhabitants, and the second largest city is Portsmouth with some 3,000 inhabitants.
The island was originally inhabited by the Kalinago Indians and later colonized by Europeans, predominantly by the French from the 1690s to 1763. Columbus is said to have passed the island on Sunday 3 November 1493, and the island’s name is derived from the Latin for “Sunday”. Great Britain took possession in 1763 after the Seven Years’ War, and it gradually established English as its official language. The island republic gained independence in 1978.